How To Start Layers Poultry Farming In Nigeria: See Important Guidelines
Layers poultry farming in Nigeria is a business investment that has been making lots of Nigerians rich over the years. The good thing about investing your money in the agricultural sector; be it rice production, cattle rearing, snail farming, quail farming etc, is that you are certain of profits. This is dependent on you following the right guidelines as written here for you. Poultry farming involves the rearing of different domestic birds like turkeys, chickens, quails, ducks etc. Our attention will be on chickens, specifically layers.
Layers poultry farming in Nigeria is the raising of egg laying poultry birds in Nigeria for the purpose of commercial egg production. These layers need to be raised from day one to the time they start laying eggs. Layers poultry farming in Nigeria has been very lucrative and one of the reasons is the general acceptance of eggs across the length and breadth of Nigeria. The layers start laying eggs when they are between 18-19 weeks old. This article will help you with answers to questions like;
- The cost of feeding layers in Nigeria
- The different breeds of layers in Nigeria
- Layer poultry farming cost
- How to start layer poultry farm
- How many eggs does a layers chicken lay per day
Depending on the size of your farm, layers poultry farming in Nigeria can be used as either your main source of income or a secondary income.
Why Layers Poultry Farming In Nigeria
Of all the aspects of poultry farming in Nigeria, you might be asking the question; why did we choose layers poultry farming in Nigeria. I will be giving you some reasons, but you are going to see, more for yourself as you continue to reading. Some of the reasons we chose layers poultry farming in Nigeria include:
General Acceptability Of Eggs
The high rate of consumption of eggs is second to none. Across Nigeria, there is no religion or ethnic group that doesn’t consume eggs. If you invest your money in layers poultry farming in Nigeria, the market to sell your product is always readily available. Not just that the market is available, it is also ever growing.
High Productivity Of Layers
If you take good care of the chickens as well as manage them very well, their productivity will be very high. This automatically increases your profit margin. For example, if these layers lay an average of 3-4 eggs in 7 days and you have 1000 birds in your farm. That is a total of 12,000- 16, 000 eggs in 30 days. A crate of egg in Nigeria costs an average of N 1, 500. Therefore, in 30 days, you will be making between N 500,000 – N 665, 000. Very few businesses in Nigeria guarantee you such an amount.
Nutritional Value Of Eggs
Eggs have high nutritional value to the body. It is a cheap source of high quality protein both for children and adults. The egg white is also a rich source of Vitamin B12, Zinc, Iron, etc. Some eggs contain omega-3 acids as a result of the feed the layers were fed in the process.
The Layers Can Also Serve As Meat
There will come the time when the birds will become old and its potential to lay egg decreases greatly, this point; you can sell off the bird for meat consumption in the market. So, you see that aside from the eggs, you can also make money by selling old birds that no longer lay egg.
You will definitely agree with me that investing your money in layers poultry farming in Nigeria is very profiting and lucrative to ignore. Egg is among the most consumed food item in Nigeria, engaging in layer poultry farming is one opportunity you must never allow to pass you by.
In this business, there is hardly enough competition because no matter the number of persons rearing layer birds for egg production there is always a higher number of people in demand of the product. As a potential layer poultry farmer in Nigeria, always have in mind that you are setting up a commercial layer poultry farming business. Don’t go into the business just to produce what you and your family will consume. You have to dream big in order to win big in the business.
Also Related: How To Start Grasscutter Farming Business In Nigeria
To achieve the aforementioned goal, you have to make use of modern methods, employ the services of a veterinarian, and take proper care of your birds by using the recommended drugs.
For all the needed steps to succeed in your layers poultry farming in Nigeria, this article will tell you all that you need to know.
How To Set Up Your Layers Poultry Farming In Nigeria
In order to succeed in your layers poultry farm in Nigeria, there are lots of things that you need to put in place. Those very important things are what you will be seeing below. You must take note to have all these things in place if you wish to do well in the business. These requirements include:
You Must Make A Good Research
You don’t just wake up one morning and start a layer poultry farm. You must have to make some research about the business. This research allows you to know the kind of business you are getting into and how to succeed in it. You must be able to know the answers to the following questions:
- The cost of feeding layers in Nigeria
- Breeds of layers in Nigeria
- Layer poultry farming cost
- How to start layer poultry farm in Nigeria
Having this information will greatly improve your chances of being successful in layers poultry farming in Nigeria.
Have A Detailed Business Plan
Truth be told, there is no business that really grows without a well detailed business plan. Your business plan serves as a road-map for you in the course of your business. Your business plan must contain the type of business you are doing, the scale of the business ( large or small), the breed of the layers you will be rearing, the amount of money that you will invest into the business, your market strategy.
Aside from serving as a guide for you, you can also use the business plan to seek for loan from individuals or financial institutions in the country.
Select A Good Location To Build Your Poultry House
After the successful completion of your business plan, you have to choose a location to set up your farm. The location that you choose has to be readily accessible for easy transportation of eggs, feeds, and/or equipment. It is always advisable that you look for a location in the rural area in order to reduce the cost of starting your layer poultry farming in Nigeria. Your poultry farm location. The location should not be close to residential areas so that people will not complain of air pollution.
How To Construct Your Layer Poultry House
You will have to employ the services of someone who knows the best way to construct the pen house for your layer birds. The house must have enough ventilation, easy to clean and most importantly very comfortable for the birds. There must also be a sufficient light that will be entering the building. The pens must also be built to prevent predators like snakes, rats etc from entering the building. If you fail to construct a comfortable pen house for your layers, they will be under great pressure. This can hinder their optimum productivity which in turn lowers you profit margin.
The Type Of Housing
For your layers poultry farming in Nigeria, there are different housing systems, each with its own advantage and disadvantage. These housing systems include:
Battery Cage System
This is an expensive but organized system of housing for poultry birds. Here, the birds are kept in different cages with separate water and feed. The advantage of this system of housing is that it helps you to manage disease outbreak in the farm.
Deep Litter System
Here, you simply cover the concrete floor with saw dust and put your layer birds into the open hall. It is cheap to build but very difficult to manage any disease outbreak in it.
Layer Breed Selection
Before you select the particular breed of layers for your layers poultry farming in Nigeria, you have to be aware of this essential information. The breed that your hose must be suitable for your poultry farming business and has the potential and ability to produce very well in your environment. In order to select the best breed for your layer poultry farming, you must consider the information listed below:
- All breeds of layers do not produce same number of eggs
- You must choose a breed with high production capability
- Always buy healthy chicks from a reputable hatchery so as to get maximum productivity
The breeds are in two categories, those that lay white egg and the one that lay brown eggs. Depending on the ones that you want, the different breeds are seen below.
The breeds that lay brown eggs are:
- Hi Sex Brown
- Server 579
- Harvard Brown
- Lehman Brown
- Gold Line etc
The breeds that lay white eggs are:
- Isa White
- Harvard White
- Server White
- Hi Sex Whit
- Lehman White etc
Brooding And Caring For Your Chicks
Brooding is the process of incubating and caring for the chicks from day one. Brooding lowers high mortality and provides good growth for the chicks. It is done in two different ways.
Here, the mother hen provides the warmth by covering the chicks.
This is the process of providing warmth artificially to the chicks in the absence of the mother hen. Artificial brooding is highly recommended since you are starting a commercial layers poultry farming in Nigeria.
8. Feeding And Medication
For the feeds, you can buy from your local market or produce the feed by yourself since you are looking at commercial layers poultry farming in Nigeria. Protein and minerals are highly needed by layers for optimal production. You must serve the feeds 2-3 times a day till they are 18 weeks of age. You must note that the birds demand and require more food once they start laying eggs. You must not decrease or suspend feeding them simply because they increased in weight.
Vaccination program is very important and necessary for chicks so as to keep them from different kinds of diseases and infections. Without vaccination or proper medication, your chicks will never survive to the age of laying eggs. So, if you decide to joke with the medication of your chicks, you are certainly going to go out of business sooner than you can imagine.
How To Market And Sell Your Eggs
This is another important aspect of layers poultry farming in Nigeria. If you don’t prepare and plan how to sell and market the eggs, they will be in your farm forever. Once start your layers poultry farm, start planning on how to market your eggs, although the marketing strategy will be contained in your business plan in the first place.
You have to pick your eggs and arrange them properly in crates for your customers. Your customers range from hotels, supermarkets, kiosks, stores etc.
There is never any business that succeeds without hard work, so you really have to be equal to the task in order to succeed in this poultry farming business in Nigeria.
Like we said above, there is no business that succeeds without a well detailed and structured business plan. At entrepreneur.com, we offer professional business plan services. With the business plan that we provide, you can seek for loans with it and be guaranteed of positive result. The business plan will be available in less than 2 weeks from the day of request. For your well detailed business plan, contact us on +2347037281050