How to Register Your Trademark or Patent in Nigeria

A trademark is a symbol which distinguishes the goods and services rendered by one’s business from another. You can register your trademark such as the business name, slogan, shape, logo, domain name, color or sound with the Commercial Law Department, Ministry of Trade and Investment in Nigeria.

When you register your trademark, it legally secured your trademark from being used by a competitor. The trademark must be unique for the goods and services that you want to provide, not be deceiving, unlawful or immoral and not be similar to existing trademarks

register your trademark and patent

Requirement needed to register your trademark

  • Your full name(s), nationality and house address
  • The trademark info: The symbol must be clear and distinct. If it is filled online, soft copies should be available in jpeg format at a minimum of 1200 dpi.
  • For goods, a full variety of goods covered or proposed to be covered by the trademark.
  • A Lawyer signature, with full particulars of the name(s), address(es) and nationality of the applicant(s). Full name(s) and signatory of the firm/company.

Procedures to register your trademark

  • Procedure 1: register your trademark
    The normal market practice is to consult a local Attorney/Agent in Nigeria, who would file and process applications at the Nigerian Registry of Trade Marks, Patents, Designs and Copyright.

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  • Procedure 2: register your trademark
    After filing your details on the trademark registration form, the Registrar issues an official acknowledgment showing the official number and the date when the application was filled.
  • Procedure 3: register your trademark
    A search is carried out for confirmation whether it is different from existing or pending registration. If the Registrar discovers the trademark satisfactory for registration, the applicant will be given a letter of acceptance.

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  • Procedure 4: register your trademark
    Application of every trademark must be publicized in the Nigerian Trademark Journal, and is open to being opposed for a period of two (2) months from the date is being advertised.
  • Procedure 5: register your trademark
    If no oppositions come out within the stated period, the Registrar issues the applicant with a registration certificate.

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  • Procedure 6: register your trademark
    The Registration Certificate will have the date of the initial filing of registration when it is being issued.
  • Procedure 7: register your trademark
    There is a validity for seven years for every Nigerian trademark registrations and also indefinitely renewable for periods of fourteen (14) years. An application for renewal should be made not less than three (3) months from the due date.


    Your trademark can be registered either plainly (black and white) or in color. However, if it is a colored trademark, the protection afforded is restricted to that color only. If it is plain, registration affords protection to all colors of presentation of the trademark